Here I try to construct a plausibility argument against these assumptions, sug- gesting that no such variation is allowed by UG and that the same number, type and order hierarchy of functional projections holds across languages and clause types, despite apparent counterevidence. Of course, to determine it empirically in detail is another matter, and what I have to say here is only a first approximation.
In other words, my suggestion is that adverbs are the overt manifestation of the Vi PREFACE specifiers of different functional projections, which in certain languages may also manifest themselves via overt material in the corresponding head positions. The first step in this plausibility argument is showing that the AdvPs of each class fill the unique Spec position of a distinct maximal projection.
Crucial evidence for this conclusion is discussed in chapters 1 and 2, mainly on the basis of Romance data.
In chapter 1, the fixed relative order of the different classes of AdvPs is estab- lished. In chapter 2,1 argue that the distribution of past participles and finite verbs in Italian provides evidence for one head position to the immediate left and one head position to the immediate right of each AdvP in the fixed sequence. If sound, such an interpretation of the facts, in turn, constitutes strong evidence for locating each AdvP in the unique Spec position of a distinct maximal projection rather than in an adjunction position or in the Spec of a maximal projection hosting multiple Specs.
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Details if other :. Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. The Polysynthesis Parameter by Mark C. This book investigates in detail the grammar of polysynthetic languages--those with very complex verbal morphology. Baker argues that polysynthesis is more than an accidental collection of morphological processes; rather, it is a systematic way of representing predicate-argument relationships that is parallel to but distinct from the system used in languages like English.
Some Notes on Comparative Syntax, with Special Reference to English and French - Oxford Handbooks
Having repercussions for many areas of syntax and related aspects of morphology and semantics, this argument results in a comprehensive picture of the grammar of polysynthetic languages. Baker draws on examples from Mohawk and certain languages of the American Southwest, Mesoamerica, Australia, and Siberia.
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